UPDATE, JAN. 31, 8:49 A.M.: The family of the late Nicole “Nikki” Catsouras, whose disfigured body is featured in images all over the Internet thanks to the actions of California Highway Patrol employees, will receive $2.375 million as part of the court settlement announced Friday, the CHP announced.
ORIGINAL POST, JAN. 30, 1:42 P.M.: The California Highway Patrol and the family of an 18-year-old woman who was nearly decapitated in an Oct. 31, 2006, traffic accident have settled a lawsuit her family brought against the CHP over horrific images of the deceased spreading on the Internet.
The family of Nicole “Nikki” Catsouras will reportedly be paid a significant amount of money, and the CHP will work with her parents, Lesli and Christos Catsouras of Ladera Ranch, to get the offending photographs removed from websites.
The young woman was driving a
Porsche 911 southbound on the 241 toll road the afternoon of Halloween 2006 when she clipped a car she was trying to
pass at more than 100 mph and lost control. On normal freeways around here, the Porsche would have collided with a cement barrier separating traffic moving in opposite directions. But because the toll road only has a median, the Porsche drifted into the northbound lane where it smacked into a tollbooth.
Highway Patrol employees Thomas O'Donnell and Aaron Reich emailed crash photos, including closeups of Nikki Catsouras, to friends and family members. The images later went viral. Catsouras' parents sued for $20 million on behalf of their daughter, but Orange County Superior Court Judge Steven L. Perk found that the family had not standing to file a complaint.
However, the Santa Ana-based California Court of Appeal–calling O'Donnell and Reich's actions “vulgar” and “morally deficient”–reversed Perk in February 2010, finding that the family could sue for for intentional infliction of emotional distress and sending the case back to the lower court.
“The photographs were downloaded or otherwise transmitted to one or more
CHP computers,” the justices observed. “O'Donnell and Reich, without
[the family's consent], e-mailed or otherwise transmitted graphic and
horrific photographs of the decedent to members of the public who were
not involved in the official investigation of the car crash. Thereafter,
more than 2,500 Internet Web sites in the United States and United
Kingdom posted the photographs. [The victim's family was] subjected to
malicious taunting by persons making use of the graphic and horrific
According to the court, the family “suffered severe emotional and mental distress.”
The appellate ruling re-wrote state law concerning the rights of family members when it comes to the distribution of images of the deceased.
O'Donnell, who is fighting discipline action taken against him by the CHP, was later released from the lawsuit. Reich, who resigned from the CHP for unrelated reasons and went on to file for bankruptcy, lost another round in the suit when the appellate court in May 2006 rejected his argument that posting the photos was protected speech and an anti-DUI lesson. Catsouras had not been drinking before the accident.
In anticipation of a March trial, Superior Court Judge Ronald Bauer ordered the two sides to attend a settlement conference Friday, and an agreement was reached later that day.
- Court: CHP Officers Who Put Teen's Decapitation Photos on Internet Were “Vulgar” and “Morally Deficient”