The Five Most Influential Cities in the Development of Mexican Food in the United States
SO...my much-promised book, Taco USA: How Mexican Food Conquered America finally hits the bookstores next month (April 10), and review copies are slowly making their way around the nation's newsrooms. So I might as well start giving out bits and pieces to entice ustedes to preorder the damn thing.
For the next couple of weeks, I'll concoct lists and drop other bits from the book to serve that end. This week? Settling once and for all what city helped define Mexican food in the United States more than any other. Note this isn't a debate about the BEST Mexican city; this is about which burg hosted the most pioneers, inspired the most people, and helped spread the cult of tacos, tamales, margaritas further than anyone.
Unsurprisingly, it's a fight to the death between California and Texas (sorry, Chicago, but as great as your city is, merely hosting an arrogant, second-rate chef isn't enoughl). The list after you-know-what!
5. El Paso
The pride of El Paso
What? Dirty-ass, border-loving El Paso? Damn straight. Those who have never spent more than a gas station village in the city will never be able to love it, never be able to appreciate its beauty. And although its specific cuisine never ventured past city borders to influence American tastes, two of its companies did: Old El Paso (which was historically based up I-10 in Canutillo, Texas--but who's counting?) and Ashley's, a long-gone brand. Both of them emerged in the 1950s to change how Americans ate Mexican food at home, namely through the manufacturing of taco shells and the ability to make your own taco shells at home.
4. San Francisco
The burrito that took over America by ripping off San Francisco
SanFran can boast of only three influential contributions to Mexican food in this country, and one of them--Elena Zelayeta, the country's first famous Mexican cook who was, you know Mexican instead of some scheming gabacha--ultimately didn't prove too influential. But its two other contributions--the Mission-style burrito and tamales--profoundly shaped the tastes of Americans. We all know the story of Chipotle and its burritos stolen from the Mission District--but tamales? Yep. They were America' first Mexican-food obsession, all the way back in the 1880s, and San Francisco was the instigator--and you'll have to read the book to discover the true, amazing story of when and how San Francisco tamales ruled America.
Big D's big chain
Many people will moan and howl about the inclusion of Dallas, whose contributions to Mexican cuisine--the streamlining of the Tex-Mex combo plate at the city's venerable franchises, El Chico and El Fenix, the headquarters for Frito-Lay and its Fritos (after their creation in San Antonio), the invention of the frozen margarita machine--some will consider heresies. But let's be real, people. Without Fritos, the spreading of Mexican food in this country would've been stunted by a good decade. Without Tex-Mex, most of America wouldn't have their first taste of Mexican food until today, when actual Mexicans live across the United States instead of just on the border. Without the frozen margarita machine, Mexican restaurants wouldn't have exploded the way they did back in the 1970s. There are many reasons to hate Dallas--but it ain't the food. And let's not even get started on the glories of queso...
2. Greater Los Angeles
El Torito. Taco trucks. Taco Bell. The nation's first famous Mexican chef (an American, of course). Regional Mexican cuisine as an industry. Canned menudo. Doritos. The canning of chiles. All of these innovations came from Los Angeles and its surrounding environs, from Ventura (the original home of the Ortega Chile Company) to San Bernardino (where Taco Bell has its roots) to Disneyland (Doritos) to San Pedro (canned menudo) to Encino (El Torito) to, you know, actual Los Angeles. We dominate the course of Mexican food in this country--and yet we don't hold a tortilla chip to...
1. San Antonio
Too bad the puffy taco never went any further than the Alamo City and Whittier...
It's not even a close contest--San Antone is the Everest to everyone else's Balboa Peninsula. This is the city that gave America one part of its first Mexican obsession (chili con carne), whose ever-clever gabachos gave the world the first packaged Mexican dinner (via William Gebhardt) and combo plate (the "Regular" supper of Otis Farnsworth), and whose ever-clever Mexis gave America packaged chips AND masa harina (the same family). Nachos first became popular here, and ballpark nachos were invented by the cousin of Johnny Cash's first wife. And so, so much more--read the book!
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