The Double Play's the Thing
Type in the phrase “famous sports plays” on Google, and you’re going to get the following: the Immaculate Reception (Franco Harris’ non-catch in the 1972 NFL divisional playoffs), the Catch (Willie Mays’ backwards grab in deep centerfield in the 1954 World Series or Dwight Clark’s equally memorable snag of a Joe Montana pass to win the 1982 NFC Championship); the Hand of God (Argentine Diego Maradona’s illegal goal in the 1986 World Cup).
Finding famous plays that happened during a sporting event is easy; finding famous plays about sports is much harder.
To no one’s surprise, the two sports that lend themselves to the best sportswriting—baseball and boxing—are also the most explored by dramatists. Even in the context of a world-championship bout or World Series game, the big narratives of these stories can be reduced to sheer drama through a simple, primal conflict: man against man, whether it’s two fighters squaring off against each other in the ring, or a batter digging in at home plate as a pitcher stares him down from the mound.
No list of baseball-themed plays can fail to mention Damn Yankees, the 1952 musical that co-opted the Faust legend and transplanted it to 1950s America, when the New York Yankees dominated major-league baseball like no team before or since.
The theatricalized version of Douglass Wallop’s The Year the Yankees Lost the Pennant, the comedic tale of Joe Boyd, a middle-aged fan of the hapless Washington Senators who agrees to sell his soul to the mysterious Mr. Applegate in return for his transformation into Joe Hardy, a slugger par excellence, tapped into middle-age fantasies of faded youth as well as the enchantment that baseball held over the American popular consciousness in the 1950s.
The Saddleback Civic Light Opera will return from a two-year hiatus with a production of Damn Yankees this summer, July 16 to Aug. 1 (www.saddleack.edu/arts), but that’s not the only OC connection with this show. In 1995, Jerry Lewis starred as Applegate in a nationally touring production at the Orange County Performing Arts Center. His arrival came with all the superstar freight that old legends of show biz always brought with them on a big tour (think Carol Channing in Hello Dolly!). And Lewis played to the crowd: About halfway through the second act, he wandered onstage and proceeded to unravel a 20-minute bit that had absolutely nothing to do with the show. It was a crazy, chaotic train wreck—and absolutely brilliant.
Another baseball-oriented play with a local connection is Richard Dresser’s Rounding Third, which the Laguna Playhouse produced in 2003. A tale of two polar-opposite men who coach a Little League team, the play meshed the best elements of The Odd Couple with The Bad News Bears.
While that was an entertaining piece, Bleacher Bums qualifies as a truly great baseball comedy. Written in 1977 by members of the Organic Theater Co., which included Dennis Franz and Joe Mantegna, the “nine-inning play” takes place in the bleachers of Wrigley Field and follows the eternal hopes and perennial disillusionments of eight Chicago Cubs fans. Like most sports-oriented plays, the piece becomes less about the Cubbies than the relationships among the people who gather every day to watch them.
One baseball play with serious dramatic implications is Richard Greenberg’s Take Me Out, which won the Tony Award for Best Play in 2003. It centers on a mixed-race Major League Baseball player on an East Coast team who decides to come out of the closet. There was historical precedent, as former Dodger Glenn Burke came out shortly after his playing career ended in the 1970s. Greenberg’s play gained added resonance in New York through a most serendipitous occurrence: A few months before its Off-Broadway opening in 2002, New York Mets player Mike Piazza publicly disavowed rumors that he was gay.
Other plays in which baseball plays a significant factor include August Wilson’s Fences, about a former Negro League baseball star (which ran at South Coast Repertory earlier this year);Keith Reddin’s one-act Throwin’ Smoke, about the travails of a minor-league baseball team; UC Riverside professor Rickerby Hinds’ Blackballin’, which explores race and sports in America; and Lee Blessing’s Cobb, which featured three actors playing the legendary Ty Cobb at various points in his life.
Time will tell if the latest baseball play, Johnny Baseball, will make the cut of great baseball plays. It’s a new musical about the Boston Red Sox currently on the boards at the American Repertory Theatre in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
As far as great plays about the “sweet science,” the list begins with Howard Sackler’s 1968 Pulitzer Prize-winning drama The Great White Hope, about Jack Johnson and his Caucasian rivals. Like many of the plays mentioned here, it would ultimately be turned into a film. As was another pugilistic gem, Clifford Odets’ 1937 Golden Boy, about a man who must choose between his dream of being a violinist or the quick payday of boxing. Odets was one of the more serious dramatists to turn his attention to sports, and this play was far less about boxing than it was a not-so-veiled critique on materialism.
Two other boxing plays of considerable merit include Oliver Mayer’s 1992 Blade to the Heat, a gritty, bloody exploration of racism and homophobia in late 1950s boxing, and Rod Serling’s 1956 teleplay, Requiem for a Heavyweight, which starred Jack Palance as a punch-drunk boxer. Both Palance and Serling were former boxers, and their personal experience with the subject resulted in one of the finest made-for-TV dramas ever written, earning Serling a Peabody Award and helping to establish his reputation in Hollywood.
Along with The Great White Hope, the only other sports-themed play to win a Pulitzer was That Championship Season, Jason Miller’s 1972 drama about a 20-year reunion of four players from a state-winning basketball team with their coach, who is dying of cancer.
Basketball also factors into one of the few plays about women in sports: Shooting Stars, Molly Newman’s 1988 account of a group of Harlem Globetrotters-like traveling female basketball players in the early 1960s.
There have also been plays about rugby (David Storey’s 1972 The Changing Room), horse racing (Mary Fengar Gail’s 2007 Devil Dog Six), ice skating (Kander & Ebb’s panned 1984 musical Rink), marathon running (Israel Horovitz’ 1982 The Great Labor Day Classic), chess (the 1986 ABBA co-created musical Chess) and even tennis. Remember the bit about tennis balls early in Shakespeare’s Henry V?In an insulting move, the French king delivers a bunch of them as a gift to Henry; it’s the final insult that sparks the Hundred Years War between England and France.
But no account of sports and theater is complete without mentioning Arthur Kopit’s 1962 send-up of Russian master Anton Chekhov, The Cherry Orchard: The Day the Whores Came to Play Tennis, in which six men at an elite private country club must gird themselves against the onslaught of six farting women.
Oh, and then there’s that play about sports that came out of Orange County: Rube! The centerpiece of the highly successful Orange County Theater Festival in the summer of 2004, it’s the only play I know of that was written up in the sports columns of both the Los Angeles Times (T.J. Simers) and The Orange County Register (Randy Youngman). It was a heavily fictionalized look at the life of turn-of-the-20th-Century baseball player Rube Waddell as told through the eyes of the man commissioned to unravel his mystery: legendary sportswriter Grantland Rice. Featuring a host of other historical personalities ranging from muckraking journalist Ida Tarbell to the villainous Ty Cobb, the play was . . . what’s that? I can’t mention Rube!? Why’s that? Oh, I wrote it. . . . Damn.
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