Renowned forensics experts say a Pinal County, Arizona, deputy's high-profile tale about getting shot after encountering drug smugglers doesn't add up

That had been Babeu's agenda well before Puroll got into the mix, and it had won him a starring role last spring in U.S. Senator John McCain's "You're one of us" campaign advertisement.

Now, the sheriff was able to add a heroic deputy to his increasingly visible storyline.

Babeu continues to claim that the "Mexican drug cartels" are running rampant in sections of his sprawling 5,400-square-mile jurisdiction, including the Vekol Valley.

Deputy Louie Puroll suffered this  "grazing" gunshot wound about three hours before this photo was taken at a Casa Grande hospital
Courtesy of the Pinal County Sheriff's Office
Deputy Louie Puroll suffered this "grazing" gunshot wound about three hours before this photo was taken at a Casa Grande hospital
Deputy Louie Puroll suffered this  "grazing" gunshot wound about three hours before this photo was taken at a Casa Grande hospital
Courtesy of the Pinal County Sheriff's Office
Deputy Louie Puroll suffered this "grazing" gunshot wound about three hours before this photo was taken at a Casa Grande hospital


"We still are outgunned, we are outmanned, and we don't have the resources yet to fight this," he says.

Shortly after the Puroll incident, the sheriff had to weather a media squall that began with a May 3 blog post on in which police officers questioned the deputy's account.

Babeu held a press conference on May 4 in Casa Grande. His presentation included close-up photos of Puroll's gunshot wound and selected audio snippets of his communications with 911 dispatchers after the incident.

"Tell my wife I love her," the deputy said in one sound bite that would be replayed repeatedly on national news shows.

A dispatch supervisor told the news media, "You can hear bullets ricochet near the phone," a reference to that seven-shot burst of gunfire at the start of Puroll's "I've been hit!" call.

She was suggesting the bullets were fired at the deputy moments before he spoke up during the 911 call.

(However, many in law enforcement and others who have heard the tape say they are reasonably certain that Puroll fired those shots, not his supposed attackers.)

To bolster his deputy's credibility, Babeu displayed infrared photos taken weeks earlier in the Vekol Valley showing what he called "squad-size elements using paramilitary tactics while escorting drug smugglers across the desert."

But the sheriff conceded that some information released by his agency in the hours after the incident was inaccurate:

• That Puroll faced at least 30 rounds of gunfire during the shoot-out. He didn't.

• That more than one helicopter had come under fire in the desert before Puroll was rescued. None had.

• That the smugglers left behind "bales" of marijuana as they fled. Authorities confiscated no contraband.

"We are in the business of facts and what really happened," Babeu told reporters. "This is a really big case."

The headline in the next day's Arizona Republic read, "Sheriff: Deputy's Shooting Not a Hoax."

A few weeks later, Babeu awarded Puroll his agency's Purple Heart medal before an Arizona Diamondbacks game in downtown Phoenix. McCain was there to shake the deputy's hand.

Little has been written or aired about Puroll since the sheriff's press conference.

But the Phoenix New Times has continued to examine the case, utilizing some of the best forensic minds in the country to assist in a four-month investigation.

The newspaper also analyzed reports filed by the DPS (which investigated the "crime scene") and the Pinal County Sheriff's Office.

In the end, key aspects of Puroll's account to authorities, plus an analysis of the reported crime scene (including photos of the deputy's gunshot wound), lead to this troubling conclusion:

The odds that Puroll is telling the truth about what happened to him on April 30 are slim.

"This is not a he-said, she-said case," says Tucson private investigator Weaver Barkman, a retired homicide sergeant for the Pima County Sheriff's Office who analyzed the Puroll case at the request of the Phoenix New Times. "This is about what the evidence says."

In Barkman's view, the evidence says "Deputy Puroll's claims and versions are not supported by the physical, anecdotal and behavioral evidence that I have reviewed," he says. "Several claims are in direct conflict with the physical evidence. There is, in my view, insufficient evidence to establish probable cause that on the afternoon of Friday, April 30, 2010, [any] person or persons, other than Deputy Puroll, were present at or in the immediate vicinity of this shooting scene."

And if the deputy is telling the truth, says Scottsdale forensic psychiatrist Steven Pitt, "You have a stunningly inept multijurisdictional response [on April 30], in addition to dealing with some really intelligent, athletic and damned-lucky smugglers."

Add to that a criminal investigation by Pinal County sheriff's detectives that was seemingly designed to clear Puroll.

"Our deputy says this happened, and there's evidence out there to support that it happened," Sergeant Hausman insists. "The facts are the facts."

But others interpret the facts quite differently from Hausman.

Dr. Michael Baden, co-director of the New York State Police Medicolegal Investigation Unit and former chief medical examiner for New York City, analyzed police photographs of Puroll's gunshot wound.

"I don't see what the problem is in calling this a close-contact wound," he says. "I don't know who did it, but the weapon was either touching this man or was within a couple of inches. It's pretty straightforward. It clearly is not a shot from a distance."

Puroll said in his May 3 interview with investigators that he was shot from about 25 yards away, not point-blank range.

Dr. Werner Spitz, co-author of the textbook Medicolegal Investigation of Death and the retired chief medical examiner of Detroit's Wayne County, agrees with Baden.

"This is a grazing wound fired at contact range," Spitz says.

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